Tooth extraction is a procedure where your tooth is removed from its place in the gum and bone of your jaw. As compared to other dental procedures, tooth extraction can sound a little intimidating and scary especially because it is referred to as a surgery. However, understanding the reasons why extraction becomes important can help in easing out the anxiety.
Dentists always try to save your natural tooth as much as possible but in certain circumstances, the extraction remains the only and best option for the betterment of your oral health. Let’s have a look at some reasons when extraction becomes necessary.
When the tooth gets damaged either because of decay or trauma, the first approach of the dentist is to repair the tooth that has been damaged. He may use fillings or root canal procedure for repairing the tooth. However, when the damage is severe, the dentist will decide to completely remove the tooth.
When a tooth is extracted, the remaining teeth can shift from their position which is why dentists recommend replacing the lost tooth with implants, partial dentures, or bridges to fill the gap.
Sometimes, tooth extraction near Calgary can be a part of an orthodontic treatment such as braces. When the mouth is overcrowded, a tooth or two needs to be removed for completing the orthodontic treatment. The dentist may also remove your tooth in case of overbite. Usually, the teeth are removed symmetrically so that the same 2 teeth in each jaw are removed for keeping the bite balanced. In total, 4 teeth may be removed. This may sound extreme but maybe better than more extreme choices such as re-aligning the jaw.
Removal of Wisdom Tooth
The tooth extraction of wisdom tooth becomes imperative in some cases. Wisdom teeth are an extra set of adult molars which usually erupts when patients are in their late teens or early 20s. Not every person faces issues with wisdom teeth but it is common for them to be impacted where they are not able to emerge out from the gum or have come at a wrong angle. In some people, wisdom teeth can become infected and cause abscesses, swelling, or pain. The wisdom teeth removal is usually recommended for wisdom teeth that are impacted or have started causing problems.
Development of Teeth in Kids
Many a times, the dentists will recommend tooth extraction of the baby teeth if they are not lost in time. If the dentist notices that your child has not lost their teeth which other children have lost years ago, they may recommend extracting it. The reason for such extraction is to make sure that permanent teeth come in the right position.
How is Tooth Extraction Performed?
The tooth extraction will be either simple or surgical depending on your tooth’s condition. You will receive a local anesthetic for numbing the site. The dentists will use the elevator for loosening the tooth and forceps for removing it.
In the case of surgical extraction, you will receive both local and IV anesthesia to keep you calm and relaxed. You may also receive general anesthesia to keep you unconscious during the procedure. The dentist will then make an incision in the gum and remove the bone around your tooth. He may then cut your tooth before it can be extracted. The tooth is cut into pieces and then removed one by one.
Sometimes, bleeding can last for more than 12 hours along with fever, chills, and nausea. Swelling and redness at the surgical site are also common.
Recovery and Healing
The tooth extraction recovery time is usually a few days. You will be asked to apply an ice pack on the cheek after the procedure for reducing the swelling. Avoid eating from the side where the extraction has been performed. You need to avoid spitting or rinsing the mouth for the first few hours so that the blood clot can form easily. You can take OTC painkillers as prescribed by the dentist. Drink water from straw and brush and floss normally from the next day just like before. Be careful not to affect the site of extraction. Following these steps will help in healing after tooth extraction.